Lesson 7

7.1 Independent Personal Pronouns:

7.1.1 Form:




1-mf anok I anon we
2-m nyok you (m) nywten you (pl)
2-f nyo you (f) same
3-m nyof he nywou they
3-f nyoc she same

7.1.2 Uses in the Nominal Sentence: In Two-Member Sentence: They are frequently used as predicates in a two-member sentence, usually followed by 'pe' unless in the third person singular feminine or the third person plural, as follows:

anok pe it is I anon pe it is we
nyo pe it is you (f) In Three-Member Sentence: They may appear in the ordinary subject or predicate positions in a three-member sentence, as follows:

nyof pe pi.,rictoc He is the Christ
nyof ou.nou] pe he is a god
nef.ebiaik pe anon we are his servants

7.2 Interrogative Pronouns:

7.2.1 Form:

nim; who? as; what? ou; what?

Note: The question mark in Coptic is ';', like Greek.


7.2.2 Uses: They are frequently used in sentences with the helping verb 'pe', as follows:

nim pe vai; who is this?
nim pe pai.rwmi; who is this man?
as pe vai; What is this?
as pe pek.ran; what is your name?
ou pe vai; what is this?
ou te ].meym/i what is the truth?

7.2.3 Special Uses: If the subject is a personal pronoun of the first or second person, then it may be placed before the interrogative pronouns 'nim' or 'ou':

nek.sini han.ou ne; what is your news?
nyo t.seri nnim; whose daughter are you?

7.3 Vocabulary 7

ecwou m. sheep c/fi f. sword
manecwou m. shepherd wou m. glory
m/ini m. sign, miracle

Greek Nouns

laoc m. people nomoc m. law

7.4 Exercises 7: Translate the following into English:

A 1. nyok pe pencaq 4. pai./rp n.nim pe vai;
  2. nyof pe p.wou m.pef.laoc 5. as te tai.jom;
  3. vai pe v.nomoc m.v.nou] 6. ou pe pai.m/ini;

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